Its slightly soft flesh is amber tinged with red. Damsons are small, usually blue, and used principally for jams and jellies. The juicy flesh has a firm texture that is common with many European plums. In spite of our stronger cultural connections with Europe when it comes to food, it is actually the Japanese plum that most people would identify as the typical American plum.Originally from China, these plums This newer variety of the European (French) plum is far superior to other prune-plums. Moderate in size, its yellow skin is blushed with pink. The small fruit with a slight reddish blush is popular for making eau-de-vie in France. Prunus Posted by Toni. One of the most popular varieties in California, the Satsuma Plum tree yields large, oval fruit that ripens in early August. According to Jim Kratz at Tuscola Conservation District's U. S. Department of Agriculture Service Center, the Shiro plum is one of the best plums available. These Japanese plums require hand thinning and more than one picking. Most Japanese plums are suitable for Georgia because they have been bred locally for better climate adaptation, improved tree health, and primary production in Southeastern states (Table 1).The choice of varieties for Georgia gardens dependson several factors. This simplifies marketing and buying for produce managers and customers. Many varieties exist including Green Gages, Damsons, Plums and Italian Prunes. Plum breeding in California has been ongoing since World War II. It is said to have a superior ripe flavor to the more common varieties in its ripening season. According to the University of California Davis, approximately 250 varieties of plums grow here. We have a large collection of hardy plum tree varieties, and we sometimes have some extras to share! Our fruit trees are shipped to Melbourne, Adelaide, Sydney and most Australian states and towns. A tart fruit, it is better for cooking and preserving than to eat out of hand. Their mottled maroon-over-green skin and dark, meaty flesh make for a sweet, mild treat that has no tartness and is excellent for making jam. The Best Plum Tree. Japanese Plums . A plum is a fruit of the subgenus Prunus of the genus Prunus. California breeders have developed a series of similar appearing plum varieties sold under a trademark, such as the ‘Black Diamond’ and ‘Black Giant’ series. It is said to have a superior ripe flavor to the more common varieties in its … The plum, a member of the rose family, originated in China, but … Friars are a dessert plum, good eaten out of hand. Although no type of plum tree (Prunus sp.) All are fine for eating but the European prune types are also well suited to cooking. There are two different kinds of plums: Japanese, Prunus salicina, and European, Prunus domestica. Plum breeding in California has been ongoing since World War II. The skin is tart and balances out the sweet fruit. Lydecker – The Lydecker is a new variety of plum harvested the first week of September. Some of the types of plums include: Moyer plum. Early plum production was centered in the Santa Clara Valley, but shifted to the San Joaquin Valley in the 1960s with improvements in irrigation [4]. Growers are constantly experimenting with new varieties, but few of these plums are deemed viable for marketing -- the California Improved French prune-plum being an exception. Here are some varieties of plums you’re likely to find in markets: California French plums (d’Agen): These small, meaty European-style plums are descendants of the Frenchpruneaux d’Agen, which are used in France to make prunes. The plum, a member of the rose … European Plums will produce some fruit on their own, but will produce far more if pollinated by another European Plum in … First introduced in 1919 by Luther Burbank, the Inca Plum tree produces a heart-shaped fruit that elegantly tapers toward the tip. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →, Agricultural Issues Center; University of California; Japanese plums, 2006, California Plums; California Dried Plum Board, 2011, Library for Farming; Science in Farming; Plum varieties, United States Department of Agriculture; ARS Kearneysville; Specialty Crop Breeding. All Rights Reserved. They can also be stewed and used in pies, tarts, and ice creams. Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. Both are great for jam and jelly recipies, and can be infused into a deliciously flavored cocktail. These varieties are divided into two main categories: Japanese and European. Highly regarded old variety Pollinate with any other European Plum By National Gardening Association Editors. Damsons are typically harvested in late August and early September, but other plum varieties will … “Out of California, some varieties did not have good pollination at bloom time,” says Ken Barbic Sr. of The Fresh Connection LLC in ... North America sees tight plum supplies. Plum trees are one of the easiest stone fruit trees to grow, versatile and coming in a huge number of varieties you can choose white, yellow or red flesh as well as plum trees that suited to eating, drying or cooking. Ontario plums belong to one of two types: Japanese and European. Planting our Plum Trees means you get fresh, healthful fruit, without the hassle. Two of these species, P. nigra (Canada plum) and P. americana (American plum), originated in North America and while their size and fruit quality is less desirable than most commercial plums, they have … The fruit fully ripens in June and July, and makes for an excellent prune when dried. Considered one of the finest dessert plum varieties, they were original imported into England from France in 1724 by Sir William Gage, their namesake. The reason is that Saint Juliens produce naturally smaller trees than other plum varieties, a desirable characteristic for commercial orchards and gardens, yet are widely-compatible with them. As with all fruit trees, plum and prune trees need to be, well, pruned. Japanese varieties are almost always grown strictly for the fresh market (University of California, 2015). Mottled maroon over green skin, dark red meaty flesh. Its skin is smooth and shiny. About 20 varieties dominate the commercial supply of plums, and most originated in either Asia or Europe. A grafted combination of two Plum varieties, the 2-in-1 Cherry Plum… This section is intended for collectors or enthusiasts looking for rare or special varieties. It is sweeter than the Santa Rosa and is ideal for growing in the coastal climates of Southern California! Japanese plums … How to Plant Plum Trees. A plum is a fruit of the subgenus Prunus of the genus Prunus. Shiro Plum-WHERE TO BUY THIS VARIETY-Medium size greenish-yellow fruit is juicy and moderately sweet with a pleasing … Fruit Report - California Varieties. Fruit Report. 2-in-1 Cherry Plum/Sprite Delight . Space plums only 8-12 ft apart for good pollination prospects. is so superior to all others that it could be called "best," many excellent plum varieties are available to a home orchardist. These varieties are divided into two main categories: Japanese and European. Plum trees in this category come from Asian origins, rather than European, ... We are passionate about growing the best trees and love the Heritage Fruit Tree and Dwarf Fruit Tree varieties. 300 hours. It’s important to choose a type of plum that will work with your location. The fruit is more pointed at the apex than that of the common European plum, and its varieties are yellow or light red but never purplish-blue. You will be delighted by the beauty of this plum with its amber flesh and ribbons of red! The Prunus genus and consists of many species of different origins and diverse fruit types crisp... Reach 10 – 12 feet in height – perfect for smaller areas with easy-to-pick fruit Beauty the! As the latest plum varieties Friar, the Black Sea area one day while hiking a. To eat out of hand needs full sun 15 varieties of yellow plums that richest! A minimum of 3 trees are shipped to Melbourne, Adelaide, Sydney and most Australian States towns. 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